Johan Scott was born in 1953 in Mariehamn, Åland, he lives and works in Stockholm. Scott has studied at The Royal Institute of Art in Stockholm (1976–1981), where he later worked as a professor (1997–2007) and deputy vice-chancellor (2002–2007). Since 2018 he is the chairman of the board at The Royal Academy of Fine Art where he has been a member since 2002, currently he is also the vice-chancellor at Stockholm University of the Arts.
Selected solo exhibitions include Tavastehus konstmuseum, Finland (2020); Konstforum, Norrköping (2016); Södertälje Konsthall, Sweden (2012); VIDA Museum & Konsthall, Borgholm (2011); Magasin 3 Stockholm Konsthall (2010); Ålands Konstmuseum, Mariehamn (2009); Norrtälje Konsthall, Sweden (2009); ARKEN Museum for Moderne Kunst, Ishøj (2001); Malmö Konstmuseum, Sweden (2001); Botkyrka Konsthall, Fittja (2000); and Moderna Museet, Stockholm (1990). He has also made art pieces for among others the New Karolinska Solna University Hospital, Stockholm (2017); Capio S:t Görans Hospital, Stockholm (2008); and for the Government office in Rauma, Finland (1994).
He has been honored with a number of grants including the Carnegie Art Award, third prize (2001); the Marcus Collins Prize, The Society of Swedish Literature in Finland (2001); the Lagerkvist & partners prize, Stockholm (1997); the Edstrand Foundation Art Prize, Malmö (1995); and P.S.1, New York (1983–1984).